Anyone who thinks that Brazil only had the 1988 Constitution is completely mistaken. Our country has had seven, that’s right, seven constitutions !!! And in this article I’m going to present all of them so that you can get to know them and, if you wish, download them.
What is Constitution?
The Constitution or Magna Carta, is a set of rules of government, often codified as a written document, which lists and limits the powers and functions of a political entity. In the case of countries, the term refers specifically to a Constitution that defines the fundamental policy, political principles, and establishes the structure, procedures, powers and rights, of a government.
Brazilian Constitution of 1824: On March 3, 1823, in the government of D. Pedro I, the General Constituent and Legislative Assembly of the Empire of Brazil began its legislature with the intention of creating the first Political Constitution of the country.
Brazilian Constitution of 1891: The elaboration of the began in 1890, in the government of Deodoro da Fonseca. This constitution was in force throughout the Old Republic and was only amended in 1927.
Brazilian Constitution of 1934: Promulgated on July 16th by the National Constituent Assembly, under the government of Getúlio Vargas, it was drafted “to organize a democratic regime that ensures unity, freedom, justice and social well-being to the nation and economic”.
Brazilian Constitution of 1937: Granted during the government of Getúlio Vargas, on November 10, 1937, the same day that the Estado Novo dictatorship was implemented, it is the fourth Constitution of Brazil and the third of the republic.
Brazilian Constitution of 1946: elaborated by Eurico Gaspar Dutra, then president (1946-1951), enacted the Constitution of the United States of Brazil, enshrining the freedoms expressed in the 1934 Constitution, which had been withdrawn in 1937.
Brazilian Constitution of 1967: Drafted during the government of Castelo Branco. The National Congress, transformed into the National Constituent Assembly and with the opposition members removed, elaborated, under pressure from the military, a semi-granted Constitutional Charter that sought to legalize and institutionalize the military regime.
Brazilian Constitution of 1988: Drafted during the government of José Sarney. It is the fundamental and supreme law of Brazil, serving as a parameter of validity for all other normative species, standing at the top of the legal system. It is the seventh to govern Brazil since its Independence.